Climate change is expected to pose a serious risk for (re)insurers and society in the future. Without intervention, global average temperatures are expected to keep rising, along with the associated physical risks. This could increase (re)insurers' underwriting risk, challenge business strategies and negatively impact asset values. Regulators worldwide have made significant progress in providing guidance to (re)insurers on how to take account of climate change risk.
EIOPA expects (re)insurers to integrate climate change risk in their governance, risk management framework and ORSA and to perform climate change scenario analysis over the short and long term. (Re)insurers are expected to perform materiality assessments on a broad range of climate risks and analyse scenarios relevant to their portfolio. EIOPA will begin to monitor the application of their ORSA Opinion from April 2023.
The BMA similarly expects (re)insurers to address climate change risk in their governance, risk management framework and GSSA/CISSA. BMA will begin to monitor progress on the guidance during 2023, and the framework should be fully adopted by year-end 2025. BMA expects an implementation status update and at least a climate risk exposure analysis in the year-end 2022 ORSA, with continuous advancements in scenario analysis up to 2025.